Global Aviation Capacity Takes Off in June 2024

Abhishek Nayar

11 Jun 2024

As the northern summer draws near, the aviation industry is experiencing a significant surge in global seat capacity. In June 2024, airlines around the world will offer a total of 510 million seats, marking a solid 6.6% increase compared to the same period in 2023. This growth is driven by substantial increases in capacity across various regions, particularly North America, Western Europe, and Northeast China. Let's dive into the details of this aviation boom and explore the factors contributing to this impressive growth.

Regional Highlights

North America Leads the Charge

North America continues to be a powerhouse in the aviation sector, with US domestic capacity reaching 91 million seats in June 2024. This represents a 6.3% year-on-year increase, making it the largest domestic market by a significant margin, with 21 million more seats than its nearest rival, China. Overall, North America added 7 million seats this month, contributing significantly to the global capacity rise.

Western Europe and Northeast Asia: Major Contributors

Western Europe and Northeast Asia have also made substantial contributions to the global capacity increase. Western Europe added 7.4 million seats year-on-year, while Northeast Asia added 6.5 million seats. This growth is reflective of the robust recovery and expansion in these regions, supported by increased travel demand and the resumption of many routes.

Upper South America and Other High-Growth Regions

Upper South America stands out with the highest year-on-year growth rate of 15.6%, showcasing the region's rapid recovery and expanding aviation market. Other regions demonstrating strong growth include Eastern/Central Europe (14.1%), North Africa (13.3%), South Asia (11.3%), Central Asia (9.2%), and the Middle East (8.4%).

Airline Performance

American Airlines: The Leader in Frequency Increase

American Airlines has emerged as the clear leader in increasing flight frequency, adding 17,200 flights in June, a 10.1% increase compared to last year. This brings their total to 187,740 flights, positioning them well ahead of second-placed Ryanair, which added 9,100 flights (9.8% increase).

Other Major Airlines

Delta Air Lines, Aeroflot, IndiGo, and Southwest Airlines also saw significant increases in their flight frequencies. Delta added 8,018 flights (5.7% increase), Aeroflot added 5,900 flights (25.1% increase), and both IndiGo and Southwest Airlines added 5,038 flights, growing by 9.1% and 4.1% respectively. Among the top 20 carriers, only Air Canada and JetBlue reduced their flight frequencies, with drops of 204 and 2,097 flights respectively.

Global Capacity Distribution

Asia-Pacific Dominates

The Asia-Pacific region accounts for the largest share of global capacity, with 182.3 million seats, representing 36% of the total. This is followed by Europe with 134.8 million seats (27%) and North America with 114.8 million seats (23%).

Comparative Analysis

In June, Western Europe closely matched North America's capacity, with 114.7 million seats available. This near parity underscores the strong demand for air travel in these regions and the extensive route networks established by carriers.

Domestic Market Insights

United States: The Largest Domestic Market

The United States remains the world's largest domestic aviation market by a wide margin, with 91 million seats available in June 2024. This is 21 million more than China, which has 70 million seats. The US domestic market grew by 6.3% year-on-year, while China experienced a more modest growth of 1.4%.

Top 10 Domestic Markets

Other notable domestic markets include India (15.6 million seats), Japan (11.6 million), Brazil (9.4 million), Indonesia (9.2 million), Mexico (6.4 million), Australia (6.2 million), Canada (5.2 million), and Spain (5.2 million). Among these, India saw the highest growth at 11.2%, followed by Spain (7.9%) and Indonesia (6.8%).

International Market Dynamics

Top International Routes

In June 2024, the top international route is from Spain to the United Kingdom, with 5.3 million seats available, an 8.2% increase from June 2023. The route from Mexico to the US follows closely, with 4.1 million seats, marking a 7.7% year-on-year increase.

China’s Expanding International Connections

China is experiencing significant growth in its international routes, particularly to Japan and Korea. Capacity on the China-Japan route has increased by 891,000 seats (130% year-on-year), while the China-Korea route has added 475,000 seats (48% year-on-year).


The global aviation industry is soaring to new heights as we approach the northern summer of 2024. With a substantial increase in seat capacity and robust growth across multiple regions, the sector is well on its way to a strong recovery. As airlines continue to expand their routes and increase frequencies, travelers worldwide can look forward to more options and greater connectivity in the months ahead.

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Spirit Airlines Dodges Chapter 11 Amid Post-JetBlue Fallout

Abhishek Nayar

11 Jun 2024

Spirit Airlines, a prominent ultra-low-cost carrier (ULCC), has faced significant turbulence in recent months. From a blocked merger with JetBlue Airways to ongoing engine issues, the airline's journey has been anything but smooth. However, despite these challenges, Spirit's CEO, Ted Christie, has confidently stated that the airline is not considering filing for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.

Merging Dreams Shattered

Earlier this year, a federal judge blocked JetBlue's plans to acquire Spirit, a move that was expected to alleviate some of Spirit's financial woes. The collapse of this merger left Spirit scrambling to stabilize its finances. The airline had hoped that merging with JetBlue would provide a lifeline, but now, Spirit must navigate its path independently.

Engine Troubles Ground the Fleet

Adding to Spirit's woes, the airline has been grappling with Pratt & Whitney engine issues affecting its Airbus A320neo and A321neo fleet. A recall of these faulty engines has necessitated inspections and grounded several planes, severely disrupting operations. This setback has further strained Spirit's financial and operational stability.

Restructuring for Survival

In response to these challenges, Spirit has embarked on a series of strategic changes aimed at improving its financial health and customer experience. The airline has revised its business model, eliminating change fees and bundling perks that were previously sold a la carte with a low base fare. Other policy changes include extending the validity of flight credits from 90 days to at least a year and increasing the maximum weight allowance for checked baggage from 40 to 50 pounds.

Financial Struggles and Downgrades

Despite these efforts, Spirit's financial struggles have not gone unnoticed. S&P Global Ratings recently downgraded the airline, citing concerns about its ability to refinance upcoming debt. With a $1.1 billion loyalty bond due in September and a $500 million convertible note due next year, Spirit faces significant financial pressure. The credit rating agency highlighted the likelihood of a distressed exchange given the airline's constrained cash flow and operating performance.

Cost-Cutting Measures and Leadership Changes

To bolster its financial position, Spirit has implemented cost-cutting measures, including deferring new Airbus aircraft deliveries and furloughing up to 260 pilots. The airline also announced a nearly 20% reduction in flights to Florida this winter. In a notable leadership change, Chief Financial Officer Scott Haralson will depart the airline next week, with Brian McMenamy, the current Vice President and Controller, stepping in as Interim CFO on June 14th.

CEO’s Reassurance

Despite the mounting challenges, CEO Ted Christie remains optimistic about Spirit's future. At an annual shareholder meeting, he emphasized the airline's commitment to executing its stand-alone plan following the terminated JetBlue merger. Christie reassured stakeholders, stating, “We are proudly executing our plan as we’ve exited the merger agreement with JetBlue and are encouraged by the initial results of our stand-alone plan. We are not evaluating a Chapter 11 at this time.”


Spirit Airlines' journey through the skies has been fraught with challenges, from a failed merger and engine recalls to financial downgrades and restructuring efforts. However, the airline remains resilient, determined to navigate these turbulent times without resorting to Chapter 11 bankruptcy. As Spirit continues to adapt and evolve, its ability to weather these storms will be crucial in determining its future trajectory.

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Can Air India and Lufthansa's Strengthened Partnership Transform India's Aviation Market?

Abhishek Nayar

11 Jun 2024

India stands as one of the most dynamic and rapidly expanding aviation markets in the world. With its burgeoning middle class and increasing air travel demand, the potential for growth is immense. This makes the country a focal point for global airlines and alliances aiming to tap into the vast opportunities it presents. One such strategic alliance aiming to capitalize on this market is the partnership between Air India and Lufthansa, under the umbrella of the Star Alliance.

The Role of Star Alliance

Star Alliance, a global network comprising 26 member airlines, aims to offer seamless travel experiences by integrating services across more than 50 global hubs. The alliance, managed from Frankfurt and Singapore, focuses on several key projects:

  • Airport co-location
  • Digital infrastructure
  • Frequent flyer integration
  • Joint business lounge initiatives

These efforts are designed to enhance passenger convenience and improve overall travel experiences.

Strengthening Partnerships for Greater Value

Comments from the Star Alliance CEO

Theo Panagiotoulias, CEO of Star Alliance, emphasized the importance of robust partnerships within the alliance. Speaking at the International Air Transport Association (IATA) annual general meeting in Dubai, he highlighted the unique value proposition offered by bringing alliance partners together. Panagiotoulias is optimistic about the Indian market, noting the vast opportunities it holds. He stated, "The alliance is to bring the partners together to provide a unique value proposition... It is all about more choices, options and for a market size of India that is the very best thing."

Enhanced Partnership Between Air India and Lufthansa

Air India and Lufthansa, both prominent members of Star Alliance, have developed a strong codeshare partnership. This collaboration allows for seamless connectivity for passengers of both airlines, ensuring a more integrated and convenient travel experience. During the IATA meeting, Carsten Spohr, Chairman and CEO of the Lufthansa Group, had an in-depth discussion with Campbell Wilson, CEO and Managing Director of Air India. Although the specifics of the conversation were not disclosed, Spohr indicated that the partnership could extend beyond the existing Star Alliance framework.

The Value Proposition for Indian Travelers

For Indian travelers, the enhanced partnership between Air India and Lufthansa promises several benefits:

  • Increased Connectivity: More flight options and smoother connections across a global network.
  • Enhanced Travel Experience: Improved airport facilities and services through joint projects.
  • Frequent Flyer Benefits: Greater integration of frequent flyer programs, allowing passengers to earn and redeem miles more effectively.

Panagiotoulias reiterated the commitment to ensuring that the right value proposition is in place for the Indian market, acknowledging its significant size and potential.

Future Prospects

The collaboration between Air India and Lufthansa, supported by Star Alliance, is poised to set new benchmarks in the Indian aviation industry. By focusing on customer-centric improvements and leveraging their combined strengths, these airlines aim to capture a larger share of the growing market. The ongoing discussions and potential expansions of their partnership indicate a promising future for air travel in India.


The partnership between Air India and Lufthansa, under the Star Alliance framework, holds the promise of transforming the Indian aviation landscape. As both airlines continue to strengthen their ties and explore new avenues of cooperation, Indian travelers can look forward to a more connected, efficient, and enjoyable travel experience. The strategic focus on India's aviation market by global leaders like Star Alliance underscores the country's pivotal role in the future of global air travel.

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Emirates Pushes for Expanded Bilateral Rights in India's Booming Aviation Market

Abhishek Nayar

11 Jun 2024

As the Indian aviation sector soars to unprecedented heights, Emirates Airline's Deputy President and Chief Commercial Officer, Adnan Kazim, emphasizes the need for increased capacity and competition to keep pace with the growing demand. In a recent interview with PTI in Dubai, Kazim outlined the airline's vision for a more connected future between India and Dubai, highlighting the importance of enhanced bilateral flying rights to meet the surge in travel demand.

India: A Top-Tier Market for Emirates

India's aviation market is experiencing a meteoric rise, driven by a burgeoning middle class and a population nearing 1.5 billion. This growth, Kazim notes, is not confined to specific seasons or holidays but is a year-round phenomenon. "India has always remained an important market for Emirates," he said. The airline currently operates 171 weekly flights between Dubai and nine Indian cities: Delhi, Chennai, Bengaluru, Kochi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai, Thiruvananthapuram, and Ahmedabad.

The Call for Increased Bilateral Rights

The existing bilateral flying rights allow Dubai carriers, including Emirates and Flydubai, to operate 65,000 seats weekly to India. Indian airlines, such as Air India, Air India Express, IndiGo, SpiceJet, and Vistara, enjoy the same capacity to Dubai. However, these rights have been fully utilized, and the last increase occurred in 2015. To accommodate the surging demand, Kazim advocates for an expansion of these rights. "We need to be mindful of the speed of the growth the Indian aviation is going through and the capacity growth that is something that needs to be matched," he stressed.

Strategic Partnerships and Collaborations

Kazim also highlighted the potential for partnerships with Indian airlines, expressing openness to future engagements. Emirates already has an interline agreement with SpiceJet, facilitating seamless travel for passengers across networks. "A single airline cannot cover the world," Kazim remarked, underscoring the importance of partnerships and collaborations. This strategy is evident in Emirates' extensive network of over 140 destinations and its interline or codeshare agreements with 150 airlines globally.

Competition and Consumer Choice

Increased competition, according to Kazim, is beneficial for consumers, providing more options and better service. The Indian aviation market's expansion, marked by domestic airlines ordering wide-body planes for long-haul operations, is a positive development. "In Dubai, more than 100 airlines are operating, and there is freedom of traffic to carry from anywhere to anywhere...the ecosystem of Dubai is around collaboration with different entities and working together," he explained.

The Way Forward

Kazim remains optimistic about the future of India-UAE aviation ties, noting the strong and strategic relationship between the two nations. While the decision on bilateral flying rights ultimately rests with the governments, Emirates is committed to supporting the growing travel demand with adequate capacity and innovative partnerships.

As India's aviation market continues to ascend, Emirates' push for expanded bilateral rights and increased capacity is a crucial step towards meeting the needs of this dynamic and fast-growing sector. With a robust network and a collaborative approach, Emirates aims to ensure that the sky's the limit for travelers between India and Dubai.

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Will Bengaluru-London Gatwick Flights Transform Global Connectivity?

Abhishek Nayar

11 Jun 2024

Bangalore International Airport Ltd (BIAL) has announced an exciting new development that promises to reshape the travel landscape between India and the United Kingdom. Air India will soon launch non-stop flights from Bengaluru's Kempegowda International Airport (BLR) to London Gatwick (LGW), commencing on August 18, 2024. This move aims to enhance connectivity for both business and leisure travelers and is expected to have significant economic and cultural impacts. Let's dive deeper into the specifics of this development and its potential implications.

Enhanced Connectivity and Economic Impact

Direct Routes to London

For the first time, Bengaluru will have direct connectivity to both of London’s major airports—Heathrow and Gatwick. This strategic expansion solidifies Bengaluru’s position as a pivotal international gateway, facilitating smoother and more efficient travel for passengers. This development underscores the strong economic and cultural ties between India and the UK.

Economic Benefits

Satyaki Raghunath, Chief Operating Officer at BIAL, highlighted the expected economic boost, stating, “This new route will boost trade, tourism, and cultural exchange.” With London being one of the busiest long-haul markets for BLR Airport, the added connectivity is poised to attract more business travelers, fostering greater economic activity between the two regions.

Air India’s Strategic Expansion

Aircraft and Services

Air India will operate the Boeing 787 Dreamliner on this route, offering 18 flat beds in Business Class and 238 spacious seats in Economy. Campbell Wilson, CEO and Managing Director of Air India, emphasized that this new route addresses the growing demand for travel between Bengaluru and London, reinforcing Air India’s commitment to expanding its global network.


Seat Type

Number of Seats


Flat Beds



Spacious Seats


Competitive Edge

This new service provides passengers with a convenient, non-stop option, enhancing Air India’s competitive edge in the international market. By offering a direct flight, Air India not only caters to the increasing demand but also provides a seamless travel experience for passengers.

Benefits to Passengers

Convenience and Choice

Passengers now have the flexibility to choose between two major London airports, which can significantly impact their travel itineraries and convenience. This choice allows for better planning and can reduce travel times for connecting flights within the UK and Europe.

Enhanced Travel Experience

BLR Airport’s vision to offer world-class travel experiences is evident through this new route. The availability of direct flights to Gatwick complements the existing Heathrow route, providing passengers with more options and potentially less congested travel experiences.

Implications for Tourism and Cultural Exchange

Boost in Tourism

The new route is expected to significantly boost tourism between the two countries. Easier access to Bengaluru, a major tech and cultural hub in India, will likely attract more tourists from the UK. Similarly, the direct flight to Gatwick opens up more opportunities for Indian tourists visiting London and exploring the UK.

Cultural Exchange

By strengthening the connectivity between Bengaluru and London, this new route will foster greater cultural exchange. Events, collaborations, and exchanges between institutions in both cities are expected to rise, enriching the cultural landscape of both regions.


The introduction of non-stop flights between Bengaluru and London Gatwick by Air India marks a significant milestone in enhancing global connectivity. This development not only offers convenience and choice for travelers but also promises substantial economic and cultural benefits. As BLR Airport continues to expand its international network, passengers can look forward to more seamless and world-class travel experiences.

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Wizz Air's Engine Dilemma: Navigating the Future of Its Expanding Fleet

Abhishek Nayar

08 Jun 2024

European budget carrier Wizz Air is at a critical juncture as it embarks on selecting an engine manufacturer for 177 of its narrowbody Airbus jets on order. With the airline's current supplier, Pratt & Whitney, facing global issues, the decision between staying with Pratt & Whitney or switching to competitor CFM, a joint venture between General Electric (GE) and France's Safran, is complex. CEO Jozsef Varadi shared insights on this crucial decision during an interview at the CAPA India aviation summit in New Delhi.

The Current Engine Conundrum

Wizz Air operates an all-Airbus fleet and is significantly impacted by issues with Pratt & Whitney's geared turbofan (GTF) engines. The airline has grounded about 47 of its over 200 Airbus jets due to a powder metal issue with the GTF engines, with expectations of grounding an additional 30 planes by the next summer. This situation places immense pressure on Wizz Air to find a reliable engine partner for its future fleet.

Key Factors Influencing the Decision

Varadi outlined several critical factors that will influence Wizz Air's decision on the engine provider:

  • Acquisition Cost: The initial cost of acquiring the engines will be a significant factor.
  • Durability: The longevity and reliability of the engines are paramount, especially given the current issues with Pratt & Whitney.
  • Operating Cost: Ongoing operational costs, including fuel efficiency and maintenance, will impact the airline's bottom line.
  • Aftermarket Guarantees: Financial guarantees for maintenance and repairs post-purchase are essential to ensure cost predictability.

Tendering Process and Future Plans

"We are right now in the process of tendering it (the engine order)," Varadi stated, indicating that the decision-making process is actively underway. With 330 aircraft on order, half of which are confirmed to have GTF engines, the tender for the remaining 177 planes is crucial for the airline's future operations.

Varadi is confident that all ordered planes will be delivered by the end of the decade, projecting a fleet size of around 500 jets. However, for growth beyond this period, Wizz Air will need to place additional orders, with Varadi estimating the need for 70 to 100 new aircraft per year to replace aging jets and continue fleet expansion.

Strategic Implications

This engine selection not only affects Wizz Air's immediate operational capabilities but also its long-term strategic growth. The reliability and efficiency of the chosen engines will play a critical role in the airline's ability to maintain its budget-friendly operations while expanding its footprint across Europe and beyond.


Wizz Air's decision on its next engine provider is a pivotal moment for the airline. With Pratt & Whitney facing significant reliability issues, the choice to potentially switch to CFM engines involves balancing acquisition costs, durability, operating costs, and financial guarantees for maintenance. As Wizz Air looks to expand its fleet to 500 jets by the decade's end, this engine decision will shape the airline's future, influencing its operational efficiency and growth trajectory. The aviation industry will be watching closely as Wizz Air navigates this complex and consequential decision.

With Inputs from Reuters