Can India Lead the Way in Sustainable Aviation Fuel Production?

Abhishek Nayar

04 Jun 2024

With the global aviation industry facing increasing pressure to reduce carbon emissions, the potential for producing Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) in India presents a significant opportunity. The International Air Transport Association (IATA) recently highlighted this potential, calling for a substantial increase in SAF production to meet future demands. But how feasible is this ambition, and what steps are being taken to realize it?

India's Potential in SAF Production

A Promising Pathway

India, known for its rapidly expanding civil aviation market, is uniquely positioned to become a major player in SAF production. Hemant Mistry, Director of Net Zero Transition at IATA, emphasized the substantial opportunities in India due to its abundant feedstocks suitable for SAF production. "Regions like India have significant opportunities on feedstocks, which can support the pathway for SAF," Mistry noted.

Current Production Levels

As of 2023, global SAF production was approximately 0.5 million tons. However, to meet the ambitious carbon reduction targets set for 2050, production needs to increase dramatically—by around 1,000 times to reach 500 million tons. This massive scale-up presents both a challenge and an opportunity for countries like India.

The Role of IATA and the SAF Registry

Establishing the SAF Registry

To accelerate the adoption of SAF, IATA announced plans to launch the SAF Registry in the first quarter of 2025. This registry aims to authoritatively account for and report emissions reductions from SAF use. The initiative has already garnered support from seventeen airlines, one airline group, six national authorities, three Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs), and one fuel producer.

Accelerating SAF Uptake

Marie Owens Thomsen, Senior VP Sustainability & Chief Economist at IATA, emphasized the critical role of SAF in achieving net zero emissions. "SAF will be responsible for the greatest amount of CO2 reductions by 2050 (65 percent)," she said. This statement underscores the importance of scaling up SAF production and utilization.

India's Growing Civil Aviation Market

Expanding Fleet and Rising Demand

India is one of the fastest-growing civil aviation markets in the world, with domestic carriers continually expanding their fleets to meet rising air traffic demand. The country’s strategic position and market dynamics make it a crucial player in the global effort to reduce aviation emissions through SAF.

Supporting Global Goals

Indian carriers, including major airlines like Air India and IndiGo, are part of the IATA, which represents around 330 airlines accounting for over 80 percent of global traffic. Their involvement in SAF initiatives will be essential for achieving the targeted reductions in carbon emissions.

Global Efforts and India's Role

SAF Projects Worldwide

IATA has identified 140 SAF projects progressing across 31 countries, highlighting a global movement towards sustainable aviation. India's participation in these efforts will be crucial to ensuring the global aviation industry meets its decarbonization goals.

Government and Industry Collaboration

To realize the full potential of SAF, collaboration between the Indian government, industry stakeholders, and international organizations like IATA is essential. Policies supporting SAF production, investment in research and development, and infrastructure development will be key drivers in this journey.


The future of sustainable aviation heavily relies on the production and utilization of SAF. India's significant potential in this area could make it a leader in the global effort to reduce carbon emissions in aviation. With strategic initiatives like the IATA SAF Registry and the commitment of Indian airlines, the path towards a greener future in aviation looks promising. Can India rise to the challenge and lead the way in SAF production? The coming years will be crucial in determining the answer.

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Airbus Faces New Turbulence: Parts Shortages and Labor Woes Challenge Production Goals

Abhishek Nayar

03 Jun 2024

Airbus, the world's largest aircraft manufacturer, is grappling with significant challenges in ramping up production for its passenger jets. As parts and labor shortages persist, the company faces pressure that could impact its ambitious delivery targets for 2024. This situation poses potential delays for airlines eagerly awaiting new aircraft.

Production Woes and Delivery Delays

Struggles with Parts and Labor Shortages

Airbus is experiencing ongoing difficulties in securing necessary parts and labor, crucial for maintaining its production schedule. The complexity of the supply chain, which contributes up to 80% of the content of Airbus jets and extends nine layers deep, exacerbates the problem. Key components, such as forgings and aircraft seats, are particularly scarce, with lead times extending to two years for some parts.

Impact on Delivery Schedules

The disruptions have led to assembly delays for several dozen jets slated for the second half of the year. Industry sources indicate that airlines might face further postponements in deliveries, which are already averaging 1.5 months behind schedule. Despite these challenges, Airbus maintains its target of delivering 800 airplanes in 2024, as reiterated in its last quarterly report.

Production Goals and Industry Impact

Ambitious Production Targets

Airbus plans to significantly boost its aircraft production, aiming to manufacture up to 75 narrowbody planes per month by 2026. However, the current delays are eating into the buffer time needed to meet these medium-term goals. Monthly internal meetings at Airbus are crucial for aligning industrial production with long-term demand, with parts typically ordered over a year in advance.

Supplier Strain and Forecast Adjustments

Suppliers are feeling the strain, with regular deferrals of monthly requests, known as "call-offs." This pattern indicates further delays in bringing aircraft to the assembly lines. The issue of plane shortages is expected to be a major talking point at the upcoming International Air Transport Association summit in Dubai, reflecting growing concerns among airline leaders.

Positive Developments Amidst Challenges

A321XLR Certification Progress

Amidst the mounting production challenges, Airbus is optimistic about achieving a significant milestone: the certification of its A321XLR passenger jet. Industry sources suggest that the European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) is likely to certify the aircraft by summer, potentially in time for the Farnborough Airshow in July. This development could bolster Airbus's market position and provide a much-needed positive note in an otherwise challenging period.


Airbus's efforts to ramp up production are being tested by persistent parts and labor shortages, threatening to delay aircraft deliveries and strain relationships with airlines. While the company remains steadfast in its ambitious delivery targets, the industry watches closely to see how it navigates these turbulent times. The anticipated certification of the A321XLR offers a glimmer of hope, signaling progress amidst the ongoing challenges.

With Inputs from Reuters

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American Airlines Flight Attendants Gear Up for Strike Amid Contract Stalemate

Abhishek Nayar

03 Jun 2024

In a move that could disrupt travel plans for thousands, the Association of Professional Flight Attendants (APFA) has called on its members at American Airlines Group Inc. to prepare for strike action. This announcement comes on the heels of unsuccessful contract negotiations that have left key economic and scheduling issues unresolved. With the prospect of industrial action looming, the pressure is mounting on both sides to find a resolution.

Stalemate in Negotiations

Key Economic Disputes

The APFA highlighted significant disagreements over the financial terms of the proposed contract. These economic issues, described as "key" by the union, have been a major sticking point in the negotiations. Despite ongoing discussions, the gap between the flight attendants' demands and the company's offers remains wide.

Scheduling Concessions: A Major Obstacle

Adding to the complexity of the negotiations are the scheduling concessions demanded by American Airlines. The APFA has labeled these demands as "completely unacceptable," indicating a firm stance against potential changes that could impact the work-life balance and job security of flight attendants. The union's resistance to these concessions underscores the critical nature of scheduling flexibility for its members.

The Role of the National Mediation Board

A "Last Ditch" Effort

The National Mediation Board (NMB), the federal agency overseeing the negotiations, is expected to convene a final attempt to bridge the divide between the two parties in the coming weeks. The APFA expressed hope that this intervention could lead to a breakthrough, but the outcome remains uncertain.

Political Pressure

Amidst the deadlock, lawmakers in the U.S. have been vocal in urging the NMB to expedite efforts to facilitate agreements for the approximately 80,000 flight attendants currently in limbo. This political pressure adds another layer of urgency to the mediation process.

Broader Industry Implications

A Widespread Issue

The contract disputes at American Airlines are not isolated incidents. Flight attendants at other major carriers, including United Airlines, Alaska Air Group, and Frontier, are also embroiled in ongoing contract negotiations. These workers, alongside those from over a dozen other airlines, are striving for new agreements that better reflect their contributions and address their concerns.

Potential Ripple Effects

A strike at American Airlines could have significant repercussions across the aviation industry. With travel demand recovering post-pandemic, any disruption in flight operations could lead to widespread delays, cancellations, and customer dissatisfaction. The situation underscores the critical role of flight attendants and the importance of fair labor practices in ensuring smooth airline operations.


As the APFA prepares its members for possible strike action, the urgency for a resolution to the contract impasse with American Airlines grows. The impending intervention by the National Mediation Board could be a decisive moment in these contentious negotiations. With broader implications for the industry and mounting political pressure, all eyes will be on the upcoming talks. The outcome will not only affect the immediate stakeholders but could also set a precedent for labor relations in the aviation sector.

With Inputs from Reuters

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Is Delta Air Lines Poised to Dominate the Transatlantic Market in 2024?

Abhishek Nayar

03 Jun 2024

Delta Air Lines is poised to operate its largest ever transatlantic schedule this year, driven by robust demand for international travel. CEO Ed Bastian and President Glen Hauenstein revealed on Saturday that the airline expects record-breaking second-quarter revenue, thanks to a significant increase in demand for spring and summer travel, particularly on international routes.

Robust Demand Fuels Optimism

"Summer's progressing strongly and demand is quite healthy," Bastian told reporters, highlighting the rapid growth in international travel demand compared to domestic routes. Delta's strategic partnerships are enabling the airline to capitalize on this trend effectively.

Bastian emphasized that post-pandemic consumer spending has shifted towards experiences, with travel being a top priority. This trend has particularly benefited premium travel segments, where Delta is seeing continued strength.

"We have seen continued strength through the spring to early summer ... our international business is quite strong," Hauenstein added.

Domestic Market Challenges for Rivals

In contrast to Delta's international success, rival American Airlines has reported excess seat capacity in the domestic market, leading to discounting pressures. This disparity highlights the strategic advantage Delta holds in focusing on international travel during this period of high demand.

U.S. carriers, including Delta, plan to moderate capacity in the second half of the year. Airline executives believe this approach will sustain the industry's pricing power.

Fleet Management and Boeing's Challenges

Delta operates a diverse fleet, including aircraft from Airbus and Boeing. Despite Boeing's ongoing quality and corporate challenges, Bastian expressed confidence in the company's management changes and adjustments.

Delta remains committed to its order for Boeing 737 MAX 10 jets, although the aircraft is still awaiting certification from the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). A recent incident involving an Alaska Airlines MAX 9 flight has cast doubts on the certification process.

Future Outlook for the Boeing 737 MAX 10

While United Airlines has asked Boeing to halt production of the MAX 10 and converted part of its order to the MAX 9, Delta has no plans to swap its MAX 10 order for another model. Bastian remains hopeful that Boeing's improvements will facilitate progress in certifying and building the MAX 10.

"We are scheduled to receive them next year, I don't anticipate seeing them for quite some time," he noted.


Delta Air Lines' aggressive expansion in the transatlantic market, supported by strong international demand and strategic fleet management, positions it well for a successful year. As the airline industry navigates capacity adjustments and ongoing challenges with aircraft manufacturers, Delta's leadership remains optimistic about the future. The airline's commitment to enhancing its premium travel offerings and leveraging its global partnerships will be key to maintaining its competitive edge.

With Inputs from Reuters

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EU's Reluctance on Lufthansa-ITA Merger Sparks Debate

Abhishek Nayar

03 Jun 2024

The European Commission's rigorous examination of Lufthansa's proposed acquisition of a 41% stake in ITA Airways has led to a stalemate, particularly concerning the lucrative transatlantic flight market. This tension highlights the ongoing challenges traditional full-service carriers face as they seek to expand and remain competitive amidst the dominance of low-cost airlines.

The Merger Proposal

In November 2023, Lufthansa announced its intention to purchase a significant stake in ITA Airways, the Italian national carrier. This move was part of Lufthansa's broader strategy to fortify its position in the European and global aviation markets. However, the European Commission's intense scrutiny has thrown a wrench into these plans, raising questions about competition and market fairness.

Transatlantic Market Concerns

A primary point of contention is the impact of the merger on transatlantic flights. Lufthansa and ITA Airways argue that the Commission's demands for concessions would make the deal financially unfeasible. The transatlantic market is crucial, with ITA Airways recently expanding its North American routes, including new flights to Toronto and Chicago.

Lufthansa benefits from the "Atlantic Joint Venture" (A++), an alliance with Air Canada and United Airlines, which has been highly profitable and dominant, controlling about 80% of the transatlantic market. The merger would ideally allow ITA to join this venture, enhancing its competitive edge. However, the European Commission fears that this could lead to monopolistic practices and reduced competition on these routes.

The Commission's Standpoint

Executive Vice President and European Commissioner for Competition, Margrethe Vestager, emphasized that each case is evaluated on its merits. The Commission's primary concern is whether the merger would create an overlap on routes, potentially leading to a monopoly. Despite Lufthansa and ITA Airways proposing to keep their transatlantic operations separate for two years, the Commission remains unsatisfied.

Proposed Sacrifices and Alternatives

To address the Commission's concerns, Lufthansa and the Italian Finance Ministry have suggested significant sacrifices, including potentially ceding passengers traveling between Italy and North America to rival airlines like Air France, KLM, Iberia, and British Airways through commercial agreements. Despite these proposals, the EU remains firm in its stance.

Trade Union Support

The merger has garnered support from 11 trade unions from both Lufthansa and ITA Airways, who have appealed to the EU’s Competition authority to approve the deal swiftly. They argue that a positive decision would signal the EU Commission's commitment to fostering strength, competitiveness, and growth within the European aviation market.


The ongoing dispute between Lufthansa, ITA Airways, and the European Commission underscores the complexities of maintaining a competitive yet fair aviation market in Europe. As traditional carriers strive to expand and adapt in a landscape increasingly dominated by low-cost giants, the resolution of this merger will set a significant precedent for future consolidations and alliances within the industry. The aviation world watches closely as this high-stakes negotiation unfolds, with the potential to reshape the transatlantic flight market and beyond.

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Why is Passenger Demand Soaring in 2024?

Abhishek Nayar

03 Jun 2024

The global aviation industry has seen a remarkable recovery in passenger demand, with April 2024 data showcasing an impressive 11% year-on-year increase. This surge reflects the industry's resilience and the continued recovery from the pandemic's impact. Let's delve into the specifics of this growth, the factors driving it, and what it means for the future of air travel.

Overview of Passenger Demand in April 2024

Key Highlights

  • Total Passenger Demand: Measured in Revenue Passenger Kilometers (RPKs), total demand rose by 11% compared to April 2023.
  • Total Capacity: Measured in Available Seat Kilometers (ASKs), capacity increased by 9.6% year-on-year.
  • Load Factor: The load factor improved by 1.0 percentage point to 82.4%.

International and Domestic Markets

  • International Demand: Increased by 15.8% with a capacity rise of 14.8% and a load factor improvement to 82.2%.
  • Domestic Demand: Grew by 4.0% with a capacity increase of 2.1% and a load factor of 82.6%.

Global Passenger Market Data (April 2024)


RPK Growth (%)

ASK Growth (%)

Load Factor (%)

Total Market








Asia Pacific








Latin America




Middle East




North America




Regional Insights


Asia-Pacific airlines led the way with a 17.4% increase in demand. This region also saw a significant capacity increase of 11.8% and a load factor of 82.4%. The strong growth is driven by robust traffic flows from the Middle East and Africa to Asia.


European carriers experienced a 9.3% rise in demand, with capacity matching this growth at 9.2%. The load factor was slightly higher at 83.8%. International routes from Europe have surpassed pre-COVID levels, except for routes to Africa.

North America

North American airlines saw a more modest demand increase of 4.2%, while capacity grew by 7.6%. The load factor decreased slightly to 83.0%, reflecting a slight mismatch between supply and demand.

Middle East

Middle Eastern airlines showed a strong 14.1% increase in demand, with capacity rising by 9.7%. The load factor improved significantly to 79.2%.

Latin America

Latin American airlines saw an 8.0% rise in demand with a capacity increase of 7.2%. The load factor was 82.2%, indicating a well-balanced growth between supply and demand.


African airlines experienced a notable 15.7% increase in demand, with capacity growing by 11.6%. The load factor improved to 73.4%.

Regional Breakdown of International Passenger Markets


RPK Growth (%)

ASK Growth (%)

Load Factor (%)









Middle East




North America




Latin America








Domestic Market Performance

Domestic demand grew at a slower pace, with notable variations among different countries. China's growth rate moderated to 4.2%, reflecting the end of the holiday surge, while Japan's demand was almost flat due to fiscal year-end and school holidays.

Domestic Passenger Market Data (April 2024)


RPK Growth (%)

ASK Growth (%)

Load Factor (%)

























Driving Factors Behind the Growth

Increased Travel Options and Customer Satisfaction

As we approach the peak northern summer travel season, airlines have expanded their travel options, catering to the growing demand. A recent IATA survey indicated that 97% of passengers were satisfied with their last flight, emphasizing the importance of maintaining high service standards across the travel value chain.

Economic Benefits of Air Travel

The IATA Passenger Survey revealed that 88% of respondents believe air travel improves their lives. This sentiment underscores the crucial role of air connectivity in enhancing quality of life and boosting economies.

Environmental Considerations

Despite the positive growth, the industry faces the challenge of achieving net zero carbon emissions by 2050. The commitment to sustainability is essential to ensure the long-term benefits of air travel continue.


The global aviation industry is on a robust recovery path, with significant growth in passenger demand in April 2024. This growth is driven by increased international travel, high customer satisfaction, and the vital economic role of air travel. As the industry navigates through the peak travel season, maintaining service quality and focusing on sustainability will be crucial for sustaining this momentum.